Scientific paper| Volume 89, ISSUE 3, P593-599, March 1955

Download started.


Cardiac arrest

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      • 1.
        1. Two cases of cardiac arrest are presented and the problems encountered are discussed.
      • 2.
        2. The various prophylactic measures are emphasized. Prophylaxis is the best means of meeting the over-all problem of cardiac arrest and if practiced conscientiously will unquestionably reduce the incidence to a minimum. The repeated doses of atropine to block as far as possible the trigger mechanism of a vagovagal reflex in an already sensitized heart is believed a worth while addition to the prophylactic regimen.
      • 3.
        3. The various resuscitative measures are outlined.
      • 4.
        4. Cardiac massage is a traumatic procedure as is noted by rupture of the right ventricle in Case I and a lesser degree of damage in Case II.
      • 5.
        5. A means of positive pressure oxygen, a knife and retractor are the only essential pieces of resuscitative equipment; however, a defibrillator and automatic pacemaker are worth while investments.
      • 6.
        6. The urgency of immediate massage is again emphasized.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to The American Journal of Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Leeds S.E.
        Cardiac resuscitation.
        J.A.M.A. 1953; 152: 1409
        • Hurwitt E.S.
        • Seidenberg B.
        Rupture of the heart during cardiac massage.
        Ann. Surg. 1953; 137: 115-119
        • Dinsmore R.S.
        Trends of surgery in the last decade.
        Ann. Surg. 1953; 138: 289
        • Reid L.C.
        • Stephenson Jr., H.E.
        • Hinton J.W.
        Cardiac arrest.
        Arch. Surg. 1952; 64: 319
        • Johnson J.
        • Kirby C.K.
        Cardiac resuscitation.
        S. Clin. North America. 1949; 29: 1748
        • Reid L.C.
        • Stephenson Jr., H.E.
        • Hinton J.W.
        Some common denominators in 1,200 cases of cardiac arrest.
        Ann. Surg. 1953; 137: 731
      1. Surgical Practice of the Lahey Clinic. W. B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia1951