Scientific paper| Volume 157, ISSUE 6, P567-572, June 1989

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Monitoring of the inflammatory response in early peritonitis

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      The inflammatory response which is similar in all forms of peritonitis was recorded by determining the levels of parameters shown to represent the activation state of plasmatic and cellular systems as well as the inhibitory capacity of the plasma. In a selected series of patients with different underlying diseases, blood sampling was started at the time of admission when the clinical finding of an acute abdomen led to emergency laparotomy. Depending upon the duration of the illness and the severity of the peritonitis, a significant increase in fibrinopeptide A and of C3a could be detected within a few hours, which was followed by an increase in the elastase alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor complex. Differences due to variable cause could not be found. There was a striking correlation between the preoperative values of these three parameters and the postoperative course of the patients. Additionally, there was a significant enhancement of an endothelial proliferation-inhibiting capacity in the serums of the lethal group, whereas endotoxin could only be detected in trace amounts in four patients with intraabdominal infection in the preoperative period.
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