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An 18-year review of open and laparoscopic splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

      Abstract

      Background

      Laparoscopic splenectomy has become the preferred surgical procedure for the management of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). However, there studies have directly compared the incidence of recurrent ITP secondary to missed accessory spleens in open versus laparoscopic splenectomy.

      Methods

      Open and laparoscopic splenectomies performed for ITP at 4 sites over 18 years were analyzed. The incidence of recurrent disease secondary to missed accessory spleens was compared between the open and laparoscopic splenectomy groups.

      Results

      A total of 105 splenectomies (54 open/51 laparoscopic) were performed. Accessory spleens were identified in 6 laparoscopic and 6 open cases (P = .57). Recurrent disease occurred in 27.6% of open and 14.6% of laparoscopic cases (P = .222). There were no cases of recurrent ITP secondary to a missed accessory spleen in either group.

      Conclusions

      The incidence of missed accessory spleens causing recurrent disease is similar when splenectomy is performed either open or laparoscopically.

      Keywords

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