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Risk factors for surgical complications in distal pancreatectomy

      Abstract

      Background

      Pancreatic fistula (PF) represents a major complication after distal pancreatectomy. In a consecutive series of 110 patients, risk factors for the incidence of PF and surgical morbidity were identified.

      Methods

      Patients having undergone distal pancreatectomy between 2003 and 2007 were identified. Clinicopathologic parameters as well as perioperative data were correlated with the incidence of PF and overall surgical morbidity using univariate and multivariate models.

      Results

      In 72 patients (65%), malignant disease was present. Splenectomy and multivisceral resection were performed in 84 (76%) and 47 (42%) patients, respectively. Overall major surgical morbidity was 18%, and 12 patients (11%) developed PFs. A body mass index > 25 kg/m2 was the only independent significant predictive factor for PF. Malignancy, splenectomy, multivisceral resection, transfusion, comorbidity, and stapler use did not show statistical significance. For overall surgical morbidity, there was no significant indicator.

      Conclusions

      A body mass index > 25 kg/m2 contributes to the incidence of PF after distal pancreatectomy. Other parameters did not show a significant influence on PF or on overall surgical morbidity.

      Keywords

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