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Therapy choices and quality of life in young breast cancer survivors: a short-term follow-up

Published:September 09, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.08.003

      Abstract

      Background

      Premenopausal women represent approximately 35% of new breast cancer diagnoses. Diagnosis and treatment may lead to substantial disruption in quality of life (QOL).

      Methods

      Premenopausal patients (aged 18 to 50 years) treated for nonmetastatic breast cancer completed a mailed questionnaire. Multiple self-reported QOL measures and clinical data were collected. Cluster analysis and Cronbach's α were used to validate the survey. Analysis of variance was performed for specific interventions. Lower interference scores conveyed higher QOL.

      Results

      The response rate was 49.8%. Cronbach's α was 0.96. Immediate contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) carried the highest interference (mean, 3.3148) with sexuality compared with no CPM (mean, 2.85) or delayed CPM (P = .03). Breast conservation had the least interference with appearance (P < .01) and work and finances (P = .02).

      Conclusions

      Therapeutic mastectomy and CPM with or without reconstruction may adversely affect QOL. These findings suggest that the choice and timing of interventions may significantly affect patient satisfaction.

      Keywords

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