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Hemorrhoidal laser procedure: short- and long-term results from a prospective study

Published:January 17, 2014DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.10.020

      Abstract

      Background

      We report the results of 2-year regular use of the hemorrhoidal laser procedure (HeLP) in 97 patients with symptomatic second- to third-grade hemorrhoids with minimal or moderate internal mucosal prolapse.

      Methods

      Data on duration of the procedure, perioperative complications, postoperative pain, downgrading of hemorrhoids, resolution or persistency, and recurrence of hemorrhoidal disease (HD) were prospectively collected.

      Results

      No significant intraoperative complications occurred. The median follow-up was 15 months. Postoperative pain was null in most patients. There were no cases of rectal tenesmus or alteration of defecation habits. Symptoms and HD downgrading reached a “plateau” at 3 to 6 months after the HeLP. At this evaluation, frequency of bleeding, pain, itching, and hemorrhoidal acute syndrome decreased by 76% to 79%. HD grade showed a significant reduction. HD recurrence rate was 5% at 2 years.

      Conclusions

      Our study demonstrates that the HeLP is a safe, effective, and painless technique for the treatment of symptomatic second- to third-grade hemorrhoids with minimal or moderate mucosal prolapse, ideally suitable as ambulatory treatment.

      Keywords

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