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Adjuvant systemic therapy for intermediate and large gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs): Is there a survival benefit following margin negative surgical resection?

Published:October 11, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2019.10.014

      Abstract

      Background

      The value of adjuvant systemic therapy after margin-negative resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) remains unclear.

      Methods

      The National Cancer Data Base was queried to identify patients undergoing margin negative resections for gastric GISTs >2 cm between 2010 and 2015. Patients were stratified by tumor size (small: 2.1–5 cm, intermediate: 5.1–10 cm, large: >10 cm), histologic grade (low: ≤5 mitoses/50 HPF and high: >5 mitoses/50 HPF), and use of adjuvant therapy. Multivariable cox proportional hazard methods were used to compare overall survival (OS).

      Results

      3520 patients met inclusion criteria. Adjuvant therapy was associated with a statistical improvement in OS (86% vs. 76%, p = 0.014) for those with large tumors but had no measurable effect in patients with small or intermediate sized tumors. On multivariable analysis, this association was independent of grade.

      Conclusions

      Adjuvant therapy is associated with improved OS for patients with gastric GISTs >10 cm but provides no statistically significant benefit in OS for those with GISTs 2–10 cm

      Keywords

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