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There's no such thing as a free lunch: Outcomes of concurrent parathyroidectomy and thyroidectomy among CESQIP surgeons

      Primary hyperparathyroidism and thyroid disease are both quite common with about 1% and 20–50% of the US population being affected by either, respectively.
      • Yeh M.W.
      • Ituarte P.H.
      • Zhou H.C.
      • et al.
      Incidence and prevalence of primary hyperparathyroidism in a racially mixed population.
      ,
      • Hegedüs L.
      Clinical practice. The thyroid nodule.
      In addition, those with primary hyperparathyroidism are often found to have co-occurring asymptomatic or incidentally discovered thyroid abnormalities include subclinical hyper/hypothyroidism and thyroid nodules. The published rate of this co-occurrence ranges from 30 to 51% primarily based on single institution studies.
      • Morita S.Y.
      • Somervell H.
      • Umbricht C.B.
      • Dackiw A.P.
      • Zeiger M.A.
      Evaluation for concomitant thyroid nodules and primary hyperparathyroidism in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy or thyroidectomy.
      The converse is also true: those with thyroid disease have higher rates of diagnosed primary hyperparathyroidism than the general population (0.3–5%).
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