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Socioeconomic disparities and bariatric surgery outcomes: A qualitative analysis

Published:September 26, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2022.09.049

      Highlights

      • We interviewed 45 patients and providers (surgeons, dietitians, health psychologists, PCPs).
      • SES barriers after bariatric surgery included employment, income, and transportation challenges.
      • Unsafe/inconvenient neighborhoods and limited health literacy were also barriers.
      • Interventions targeting these factors are needed to support bariatric surgery patients.

      Abstract

      Background

      Disparities in socioeconomic status (SES) have been associated with less weight loss after bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to identify socioeconomic barriers to weight loss after bariatric surgery.

      Methods

      We performed semi-structured interviews with bariatric surgery patients and providers from April–November 2020. Participants were asked to describe their post-operative experiences regarding dietary habits, physical activity, and follow-up care. Interview data were coded using Directed Content Analysis based on domains in Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Services Use and Torain's Surgical Disparities Model.

      Results

      24 patients (median of 4.1 years post-operatively; mean age 50.6 ± 10.7 years; 12 bypass and 12 sleeve; 83% female) and 21 providers (6 bariatric surgeons, 5 registered dietitians, 4 health psychologists, and 6 primary care providers) were interviewed. Barriers to weight loss included: 1) challenging employment situations; 2) limited income; 3) unreliable transportation; 4) unsafe/inconvenient neighborhoods; and 5) limited health literacy.

      Conclusions

      Interventions targeting socioeconomic barriers to weight loss are needed to support patients, particularly those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged.

      Keywords

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