- •This study used a statewide judiciary database to quantify malpractice cases.
- •Male surgeons were more likely to be named in malpractice lawsuits.
- •A second graduate degree predicted more yearly malpractice cases.
Although medical malpractice lawsuits pose a significant burden, there is a paucity of research on physician-specific characteristics influencing lawsuits against surgeons. Our objective was to identify factors associated with general surgeons being named in malpractice cases.
This was a cross sectional study of Maryland general surgeons, using malpractice data from a publicly accessible judiciary database. Case number per decade and lifetime lawsuit status were modeled with linear and logistic regression.
Male surgeons had a higher average lawsuit volume (p = 0.002) and were more likely to be named in a malpractice case (p < 0.001). In regression analysis, a second graduate degree was a predictor of average cases per 10 years (p = 0.008) and male gender predicted lifetime lawsuit status (OR = 1.73, p = 0.046).
Male gender was associated with increased odds of being named in a malpractice lawsuit. Identifying this difference is a preliminary step in developing interventions to reduce lawsuits amongst surgeons.
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Laws - Statute Text. §5-109. Article - Courts and Judicial Proceedings. Accessed October 8, 2022. https://mgaleg.maryland.gov/mgawebsite/Laws/StatuteText?article=gcj§ion=5-109.
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Published online: November 09, 2022
Accepted: November 9, 2022
Received in revised form: October 14, 2022
Received: June 11, 2022
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