Original Research Article|Articles in Press

Improved postoperative blood glucose control through implementation of clinical pharmacist driven glycemic management model after colorectal surgery

Published:December 26, 2022DOI:


      • Pharmacist driven glycemic management improves glycemic control after surgery.
      • Observed tighter glycemic control without increased rates of hypoglycemia.
      • Reducing workload for surgeons through expansion of the postoperative team.



      Poor postoperative glycemic control has been linked with higher mortality, cardiovascular complications, stroke, infection, impaired wound healing, and increased length of stay.


      This multicenter, retrospective study of colorectal surgery patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus evaluated the difference in mean blood glucose levels postoperatively in a pharmacist driven glycemic management model vs standard of care. Secondary objectives assessed hyperglycemic events, severe hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, postoperative infection, and rates of endocrinology consults.


      186 patients were included, 120 in the pharmacist driven cohort and 66 in the standard of care. The pharmacist managed cohort demonstrated significantly lower mean blood glucose (133.9 vs 148.3 mg/dL, 95% CI [-17 to −11] p < 0.001), significantly fewer hyperglycemic events (9.6% vs 20.5%, p < 0.0001), and non-significant reduction of hypoglycemic events (0.7% vs 1.2%, p = 0.1443).


      Expansion of the postoperative care team by utilizing pharmacists to manage postoperative blood glucose resulted in improved glycemic control.

      Graphical abstract


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