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Invited commentary: Virtual reality as a preoperative warm-up in surgical training

Published:January 04, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2023.01.001
      In surgical education, preoperative preparation is an important stage that serves as an underpinning for resident training in the operating room (OR) and may potentially enhance learning efficacy. Such preparations can range from the purely cognitive (e.g., mental imagery) to technical drills designed to prime the learner to perform specific physical skills requiring manual dexterity. Various interventions have been developed to enhance resident trainees’ preoperative preparation, such as the Brief-Intraoperative Teaching-Debrief (BID) model
      • Roberts N.K.
      • Williams R.G.
      • Kim M.J.
      • Dunnington G.L.
      The briefing, intraoperative teaching, debriefing model for teaching in the operating room.
      and One-Minute Preceptor,
      • Neher J.
      • Gordon K.C.
      • Meyer B.
      • Stevens N.
      A five-step “microskills” model of clinical teaching.
      in which a faculty usually plays a key role. In this issue, the study by Feeley and colleagues
      • Feeley A.A.
      • Feeley I.H.
      • Merghani K.
      • Sheehan E.
      Preoperative priming results in improved operative performance with surgical trainees.
      highlights a novel preoperative warm up using an immersive technology rather than a live faculty in the OR.
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