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Breast cancer mortality research in Latin America: A gap needed to be filled

Published:January 11, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2023.01.010
      Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer in Latin America and the main reason why women die from cancer. By 2030, there will be 22 million new cases of cancer worldwide, up from 14 million in 2012; most of these cases will occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

      Breast Cancer | The Cancer Atlas [Internet]. [cited 2022 Dec 24]. Available from: https://canceratlas.cancer.org/the-burden/breast-cancer/.

      Despite rising incidence rates across the board, mortality rates are only falling in high-income nations, with LMICs accounting for over 70% of all breast cancer fatalities.
      • Barrios C.H.
      • Reinert T.
      • Werutsky G.
      Global Breast Cancer Research: Moving Forward.
      ,
      • Lee B.L.
      • Liedke P.E.R.
      • Barrios C.H.
      • Simon S.D.
      • Finkelstein D.M.
      • Goss P.E.
      Breast cancer in Brazil: present status and future goals.
      Compared to the US and Western Europe, breast cancer mortality has grown in Latin America over the past 20 years, and survival is on average 20% worse.
      • Goss P.E.
      • Lee B.L.
      • Badovinac-Crnjevic T.
      • et al.
      Planning cancer control in Latin America and the Caribbean.
      ,
      • Schwartsmann G.
      Breast cancer in South America: challenges to improve early detection and medical management of a public health problem.
      This high mortality rate is primarily a consequence of late disease stage at presentation combined with limited treatment capabilities. However, the increasing incidence may be also partially explained by successful national efforts directed towards improving breast cancer screening.
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