During the primary survey, the accepted trauma care has been historically led by prioritizing the airway, then breathing, and then , circulation (ABC). In urban trauma centers, specifically those located in high income environments, these steps are taken simultaneously. In rural places, or in environments with fewer resources these steps are taken in sequence. The evidence supporting the systematic ABC approach to injured patients is based on expert consensus, without much scientific evidence to back up this practice.
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Published online: February 15, 2023
Accepted: February 14, 2023
Received in revised form: February 9, 2023
Received: December 8, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
© 2023 Published by Elsevier Inc.