My Thoughts / My Surgical Practice|Articles in Press

The current state of women surgeons in Latin America

Published:February 20, 2023DOI:

      Graphical abstract

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to The American Journal of Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Balderas-Medina Anaya Y.
        • Hsu P.
        • Martínez L.E.
        • et al.
        Latina women in the U.S. Physician workforce: opportunities in the pursuit of health equity.
        Acad Med. 2022; 97: 398-405
        • Sánchez G.
        • Nevarez T.
        • Schink W.
        • et al.
        Latino physicians in the United States, 1980-2010: a thirty-year overview from the censuses.
        Acad Med. 2015; 90: 906-912
        • Albornoz G.C.R.
        • Carrilo G.K.
        • Vargas V.V.
        • et al.
        Visibilizando a las cirujanas en Chile.
        Rev. Cir. Santiago. Agosto 2021; 73 (Available:): 476-482
        • Pérez P.N.
        • Sánchez A.J.C.
        • Gómez M.C.J.
        • et al.
        Análisis de la distribución geográfica de médicos especialistas en la República Argentina.
        Noviembre, Buenos Aires, Argentina2015 (Available:)
        • Heinze-Martin G.
        • Olmedo-Canchola V.H.
        • Bazán-Miranda G.
        • Bernard-Fuentes N.A.
        • Guízar-Sánchez D.P.
        Los médicos especialistas en México.
        Gac Med Mex. 2018; 154: 342-351
        • Scheffer M.
        • Cassenote A.
        • Guerra A.
        • et al.
        Demografia médica no Brasil 2020. São Paulo: FMUSP, CFM.
        • Quispe-Arminta M.
        • Shu-Yip S.B.
        Representación femenina en las especialidades quirúrgicas y afines en el Perú.
        Rev. Perú. Med. Exp. Salud Publica, Lima. jul. 2021; 38 (Available:): 452-457
        • Vinck E.E.
        • Montes Villalobos L.
        • Martínez S.I.
        The women of Colombian thoracic and cardiac surgery: a survey-based assessment.
        Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021; 33: 618-622
        • Tsukazan M.T.R.
        • Ugalde P.A.
        Women in thoracic surgery: perspectives from South America.
        J Thorac Dis. 2021 Jan; 13 (PMID: 33569232; PMCID: PMC7867829): 460-463
        • Castro L.B.
        • Cabrera L.F.
        • Reyes M.
        • et al.
        Participation of Latin American surgeons in Twitter using the hashtag #SoMe4Surgery and #SoMe4IQLatAm.
        Surg Open Sci. 2022 Mar 31; 9 (PMID: 35519291; PMCID: PMC9062728): 13-18
        • Mckinsey Global Institute
        The power of parity: how advancing women's equality can add $12 trillion to global growth.
        (Available:)September 2015
        • Gomez L.E.
        • Bernet P.
        Diversity improves performance and outcomes.
        J Natl Med Assoc. 2019; 111: 383-392
        • Motter S.B.
        • Brandão G.R.
        • Iaroseski J.
        • et al.
        Women representation in academic and leadership positions in surgery in Brazil.
        Am J Surg. 2022 Jan; 223: 71-75
        • Campos L.N.
        • Naus A.
        • Rangel A.G.
        • et al.
        Women representation on editorial boards in Latin America Journals: promoting gender equity in academic surgery, Anesthesia, and Obstetrics.
        World J Surg. 2023 Jan 1;
        • Rakestraw S.L.
        • Chen H.
        • Corey B.
        • Sutzko D.C.
        Closing the gap: increasing female representation in surgical leadership.
        Am J Surg. 2022 Feb; 223: 273-275