Original article| Volume 5, ISSUE 1, P24-31, June 1928

The acute surgical abdomen

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      This entire discussion may be summarized as follows:
      • 1.
        1. Use your special senses, combining subjective and objective symptoms.
      • 2.
        2. Make the simple diagnosis.
      • 3.
        3. Use every known aid in diagnoses.
      • 4.
        4. Lose no time but do not rush the patient to the operating room.
      • 5.
        5. When operation is decided upon, bear in mind the simpler the operation the better the outcome.
      I appreciate that we have tried to cover a vast subject in this paper and have only touched on the “high spots”, but in the end if I have succeeded in stressing the importance of only one of these “high spots” my efforts will not have been in vain.
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        • Birnie J.M.
        Diagnosis of abdominal emergencies.
        Boston M. & S. J. 1927; 194: 635